This paper considers the influence of raw components on the properties of foam glass and the development prospects of its use. The aim of the work is to identify the development prospects of foam glass appliance based on the study of the influence of raw materials on its properties. The task is to study the effect of initial materials on the properties of foam glass and the application fields of foam glass products in detail. To solve the problem a theoretical analysis of the scientific and technical literature and articles is used as a research method. As a result of the study, the main components used in the production of foam glass, their influence on the properties of the ready-made material and the application fields of foam glass products are considered. The authors draw a conclusion that the use of foam glass, which can reduce the effect of electromagnetic radiation, and foam glass made using industrial wastes is prospective.