The creation of an environmentally friendly building material to protect the human environment can only be carried out from the position of a transdisciplinarity approach, taking into account modern achievements in geomimetics and micromechanics of composite media. A wide range of basalt-fiber-reinforced concrete based on composite binders has been developed, which have increased characteristics of impermeability and durability under extreme operating conditions. The nature of the influence of the composition and manufacturing technology of cement composites on the pore structure of the composite has been established, which has a positive effect on the characteristics of gas, water and vapor permeability. High early strength was obtained, which allows the use of materials for operational repair and construction in emergency situations. The positive influence of the composition of the developed composite on the performances has been proved. The water resistance of the modified composite provides a water pressure of 2 MPa for 148 hours, which corresponds to the W18 grade (for the control sample – W8), the frost resistance grade – F300. It was found that the water absorption of the modified concrete samples was lower than that of the control sample, which is explained by the decrease in the pore structure index λ by 28.4 times, and the average pore diameter by 3.05 times. The total pore volume of the modified concrete was lower and decreased with increasing dose of nanosilica.