EFFICIENCY OF STABILIZERS OF VARIOUS COMPOSITION FOR STRENGTHENING THE SOIL WITH A MINERAL BINDER
The depletion of natural deposits of traditional inert mineral raw materials (sand, gravel) used to create effective layers of the foundations of roads leads to the development and application of new technologies and alternative materials. One way to solve this problem is to use local raw materials. For the construction of the lower layer of the road basement local soils are often used. However, their use is associated with the development of a set of measures to increase their efficiency, such as stabilization (by the use of chemical additives) and/or strengthening (by the introduction of various types of binders). In this regard, the paper analyzes the physicomechanical characteristics of reinforced clay soils obtained by introduction of various types of stabilizing additives in the presence of an inorganic mineral binder of hydration hardening type - cement - taking into account the recommendations for the used additives. The object of research was the most common representative of clay soils of the Belgorod region – heavy dusty clay loam. As a result of the studies, the authors established the reasonability of the use of the additives in the presence of cement, the most effective compositions of the reinforced soil were identified, contributing to the improvement of its controlled physical and mechanical characteristics. In addition, the need for additional studies to adjust the recommended composition of reinforced soil was established.