Sabitov L.S.

Candidate of Engineering Sciences (Ph.D.), Associate Professor, Kazan (Volga region) Federal University, Russia

Compositional analysis: synthesis of abstract painting and architecture of the 20s of the XX century

https://doi.org/10.58224/2618-7183-2022-5-6-64-74
Abstract
The authors broadcast information about the union of architecture and abstract painting and the identification, fixation of the laws and means of composition that were used in the creation of the well-known creative products of architecture, painting, design. The article analyzes the prerequisites for the emergence of an international style that easily integrates into any cultural environment, historical buildings, due to the presence in the products of this direction of the maximum formal sphere and almost complete leveling of the content part in an artificially created compositional form. The study of high-class Heritage samples allows you to develop taste and teaches you to understand the course and origins of the Master’s compositional thought. The study of the formal (compositional) sphere allows you to build the path of the author's work on the project, avoiding mistakes and disappointments.
PDF

Universal Laws of Composition (Artificial and Natural Form) on the Example of the V.G. Shukhov Tower

https://doi.org/10.58224/2618-7183-2022-5-5-29-41
Abstract
The authors of the article broadcast information about the study of the compositional activity of engineers in Soviet Russia in the 20s of the XX century. in line with the architectural trend "con-structivism". The study, analysis and fixation in graphic images of masterpieces of volume-spatial composition in the history of engineering, scientific thought is considered by the authors as an isola-tion from an artificially created object – an organism of universal laws and means. The authors believe that the study, analysis and fixation in a schematic graphic material of high-class samples of science, technology, engineering allows you to develop compositional thinking, taste and teaches you to under-stand the course and origins of compositional thought in design. The study of the formal (composi-tional) sphere of the Legacy of the classics of modern and past eras allows you to build the path of the author's work on the project, avoiding mistakes and disappointments.
PDF

RESULTS OF ENDURANCE TESTING OF PREFABRICATED CRANE STRUCTURES

https://doi.org/10.58224/2618-7183-2022-5-4-39-49
Abstract
The purpose of the work is to analyze the results of tests of prefabricated crane beams for endurance during cyclic tests on a specially designed stand. The method of carrying out such tests is given. It indicates the inadmissibility of the operation of steel crane structures with cracks and the importance of research aimed at increasing the endurance and durability of crane beams. It proves the need to develop new crane beams (various profiles) to increase the period of accident-free operation of industrial buildings (using bridge lifting mechanisms with heavy duty) up to 25 years. It is proved that the developed prefabricated crane beam has improved (in comparison with the standard) characteristics.
PDF

TECHNOLOGICAL FEATURES OF THE CONSTRUCTION OF A DEMOUNTABLE FOUNDATION FOR TOWER STRUCTURES

https://doi.org/10.58224/2618-7183-2022-5-3-17-26
Abstract
The paper proposes a new type of modular demountable reinforced concrete foundation for the construction of tower-type structures. Numerical modeling and design features of the manufacture and installation of the foundation, implemented under patent 2633604 “Demountable foundation for support” for a real tower with a height of 30 meters and a power of a 150 kV wind power plant, are given. The reduction of material consumption is achieved due to the formation of a cavity in each typical module and filling it with soil or any inert material. The result of the proposed solution is to increase the bearing capacity of the foundation as a whole, increase the strength and rigidity of its main joints, as well as simplify installation in comparison with traditional approaches to design. Moreover, the foundation modules, where maximum stresses occur, can be made of fibre concrete.
PDF

THE RELIABILITY COEFFICIENT FOR FIBRE CONCRETE MATERIAL

https://doi.org/10.58224/2618-7183-2022-5-2-51-58
Abstract
One of the main parameters of the method for calculating building structures made of concrete and fibre concrete by limiting states is the reliability coefficient for the material, which characterizes the heterogeneity of the physical and mechanical properties of the material. In national and foreign standards, it takes a constant value of 1.3 (obtained on the basis of direct tests), or 1.5 (obtained on the basis of indirect tests and the use of graduated dependencies). The concrete matrix for the formation of the structure of fibre concrete is most often fine-grained concrete with special additives, which has greater uniformity in comparison with heavy concrete, which cannot but affect the reliability of the composite material in question as a whole: the stock coefficients for fibre concrete should be lower than for normal concrete, which has not been reflected in modern standards for design yet. Starting from interval estimates of the average strength value, a new approach to determining the reliability coefficient for the material, differentiated by the 1st and 2nd groups of limit states, is proposed. The results of calculations according to the proposed formulas for previously conducted tests of steel- and glass-fiber concrete images allowed us to conclude: the introduction of fiber into the concrete matrix of the proposed effective composite composition increases the uniformity of the strength properties of the material, which leads to an increase in the reliability of its use in building structures, a decrease in the value of the reliability coefficient (margin) for the material to 1.164...1.235 for central axial compression and up to 1.172...1.272 – for central axial stretching. The obtained actual coefficients in strength calculations will allow to reveal the supplemented reserves of the bearing capacity of structures made of this material up to 22.4%.
PDF

CALCULATION OF HIGH-RISE BUILDINGS UNDER SEISMIC EFFECT OF “CONTROLLING EARTHQUAKE” LEVEL BY NONLINEAR STATIC METHOD ON THE EXAMPLE OF ADYGHE WIND POWER PLANT

https://doi.org/10.34031/2618-7183-2020-3-1-14-20
Abstract
The aim of this work is to test a multi-modal nonlinear static method for seismic impact of the "controlling earthquake" level for high-rise structures on the example of a wind power plant (WWP) with a capacity of 1.5-2.0 mW of the Adyghe WPP using computer modeling in the LIRA 10.10 PC. Additionally, the results were verified in the PC “Ansys”. The main bearing element of the WWP is a tower-pipe with a weak taper, the material of which is high-strength steel S355. The assessment of the structure seismic resistance is performed in physically and geometrically nonlinear settings. At the same time, the Vaughn-Mises strength theory was used for steel. Comparison of the calculation results proves the effectiveness of the multi-modal nonlinear static method. The method under consideration has a number of advantages: tolerance to the initial data in terms of numerical description of the seismic impact, less machine capacity of the calculation in comparison with the direct dynamic method, and the ability to automate the calculation process fully.
PDF

TECHNOLOGICAL AND DESIGN FEATURES OF DESIGNING A MODULAR REINFORCED CONCRETE FOUNDATION FOR A HIGH-RISE BUILDING OF VARIOUS TYPES

https://doi.org/10.34031/2618-7183-2019-2-6-5-11
Abstract
The paper proposes a new type of modular collapsible reinforced concrete foundation for steel support for various types of structures: power lines, wind power plants, billboards, traffic lights, etc.The foundation has the shape of a cross-hammer in the plan and consists of separate modules manufactured at the factory and connected to each other by concrete dowels and tie bolts on the construction site. At the same time, this technological approach makes it possible to obtain more stable (uniform) strength and deformation properties of both the individual module and the assembled foundation as a whole. Reducing the material consumption is achieved by creating a cavity in each typical module and filling it with local inert material (soil). The central module has an anchor device for joining with the support according to the type of flange connection. This device, along with the use of conventional anchor bolts, involves filling the central module with non-shrinkable fast-hardening steel-fiber concrete. Thus, the positive result of the proposed solution is to increase the bearing capacity of the foundation as a whole, increase the strength and stiffness of its main joints, and simplify installation in comparison with traditional approaches to construction. A comparative calculation of the foundations of the proposed and standard known solutions showed the effectiveness of the first one by at least 17.2%.
PDF

STRESS-STRAIN STATE OF THE SYSTEM “COMBINED TOWER-REINFORCED CONCRETE FOUNDATION-FOUNDATION SOIL” OF HIGH-RISE STRUCTURES

https://doi.org/10.34031/2618-7183-2019-2-6-29-37
Abstract
The aim of the work was to evaluate the effectiveness of the system "combined tower-reinforced concrete foundation-foundation soil" for high-rise structures on the example of a wind power plant (wind turbine) with a capacity of 1.5-2.0 MW using computer modeling in the PC "Ansys". Thus, under the combined tower the article refers to high-rise building, consisting of two parts: the lower composite, the upper – in the form of a thin-walled core-shell closed profile. In both cases, the shell is a pipe with a weak taper. As an analogue, the WPP considered in foreign literature is adopted: the radius of the rotor is R=41 m, the height to the axis of the wind wheel is zhub=80 m. The shell is made of high-strength C355 steel and, unlike the analog in this work, the cavity of the lower part of the tower to a height of 20 m was filled with B60 class concrete. The modeling took into account the spatial work of the elements of the structural system and the physical nonlinearity of the materials from which they are made. At the same time, the Mises strength theory was used for steel, the Williams – Varnake theory for concrete, and the Drukker – Prager theory for the foundation soil. Comparison of the calculation results with the analog showed that the destructive load of the tower increased by 37% due to filling the lower part of it with concrete, which indicates the effectiveness of the proposed solution. In this case, the destruction of the tower with a concrete core and without it occurred from the loss of local stability of the steel shell at the level of the junction of the tower with the foundation (with a compressed zone).
PDF