Significant thermal stresses arising in thin-walled metal materials and structures loaded with tensile stresses can lead either to their complete destruction or to the appearance of discontinuity zones in them. The equa-tions for calculation of temperature stresses in flat thin-walled structures at their localized thermal heating caused by the action of concentrated energy flows are analyzed. As an example, a thin-walled stretched plate subjected to strong local heating in a circular spot is considered. The developed model takes into account the change of elastic characteristics under strong local heating and the change in the thickness of the material in the heating spot. As an example, the diagram of the distribution of tangential stresses for a stretched plate in the area of a circular heating spot is given. Thus, the results of the study show that there is a rupture and concentration of stresses along the contour of the heating spot from the cold zone.