Vol. 2 Issue 3

Archives Journal Construction Materials and Products 2019

FEATURES OF USING BUILDING MATERIALS IN RESTORATION OF ARCHITECTURAL AND TOWN-PLANNING HERITAGE

https://doi.org/10.34031/2618-7183-2019-2-3-85-89
Abstract
The article is devoted to the study of the principles of the use of building materials in the restoration of monuments of architectural and urban heritage. The basic properties of materials, classification and specificity of their application are indicated. As a result of the analysis, the most important role of the material in the formation of the architectural image of the object is justified. It is concluded that the material should be considered not only in the context of technical parameters, but also in terms of architectural and artistic characteristics. The attention is focused on the understanding of the authenticity of the object and on the operational properties of materials for decoration. It is noted that the choice of material should be based on the previous stage of material research, as a segment of a detailed survey of the technical condition of the structure.
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ARCHITECTURE AND DESIGN SUPPORT OF IMPLEMENTATION OF THE SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY OF THE CITY DISTRICT

https://doi.org/10.34031/2618-7183-2019-2-3-90-95
Abstract
The strategies of long-term development of regions, urban and rural districts are developed taking into account the general characteristics of the achieved level of socio-economic development, they are coordinated, evaluated, clarified with the use of social surveys. In the implementation of relevant policies enhancing the investment attractiveness of the area and attracting and retaining the personnel potential, the development of scientific-industrial complexes, tourism cluster. Implementation of the Strategy of socio-economic development of the city district of Togliatti, Samara region of the Russian Federation until 2030 is ensured with the use of technology architectural design aimed at the development of the cultural environment, improvement of public areas, renovation and improvement of cultural heritage objects, the development of the information environment. Examples of actual design decisions in the listed directions, in relation to the allocated objects of the city district of Togliatti are given.
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MODERN TENDENCIES AND PROSPECTS OF DEVELOPMENT OF SPATIAL AND FUNCTIONAL DESIGN CHARACTERISTICS OF TYPICAL BUILDINGS IN RUSSIA AND ABROAD

https://doi.org/10.34031/2618-7183-2019-2-3-96-102
Abstract
The article presents modern foreign and domestic trends in architectural-spatial and functional-planning solutions for economy-class apartments and the prospects for the development of typical design in Russia. It is becoming increasingly clear that mass construction in Russia does not require significant development since Soviet times, when construction should be carried out for the sole purpose of providing citizens with affordable housing with minimally acceptable parameters in shortened terms. The most significant differences of modern Russian housing from foreign is the reduced range of functional premises and smaller areas. The modern consumer has other ideas about comfortable living. In addition, modern domestic and foreign experts in the field of architecture and construction confirm the need for an innovative approach to the design of urban buildings. It is assumed, that the use of existing trends in the housing project will significantly increase the level of comfort of apartments without a significant increase in the cost per square meter. Comparison of domestic and foreign experience in the construction of residential buildings brought a number of common features and significant differences, which are analyzed in the article. They include: the tendency to individual design, the tendency to a change in living space, the tendency of vertical functional zoning, the tendency of zoning, the trend of expanding the functional-planning composition of the standard layout of ancillary rooms, sanitary and household zones.
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