Karpikov E.G.

Senior Lecturer, Bryansk State Engineering Technological University, Russia


The possibility of obtaining effective highly dispersed additives from natural wollastonite is substantiated and their influence on the properties of fine-grained concrete is investigated. On the basis of wollastonite, a complex micro-filler with particle sizes up to 100 microns was developed, obtained by joint grinding with quartz sand in a 3:1 ratio in a ball mill in the presence of an anionic surfactant naphthalene-formaldehyde type C-3 and a calcium stearate hydrophobizer technical C-17. A suspension of wollastonite with a modal particle diameter of 405 nm was obtained by pre-grinding wollastonite and anionic surfactant in a ball mill, with their further ultrasonic treatment in a bath-type activator. Mathematical models of the dependence of compression and bending strength on the content of the initial components are developed. It is established that the complex microfill leads to an increase in the strength of fine-grained concrete in bending by 2 times, in compression by 1.7 times with its content in the composition of fine-grained concrete in the amount of 10% by weight of cement. Wollastonite suspension increases the bending strength of fine-grained concrete to 3.1 MPa, compression to 57.8 MPa. The results of qualitative x-ray phase analysis showed that the total intensity of diffraction maxima of not fully hydrated alite C3S, belite C2S grains and their aggregates in cement stone with wollastonite decreases by 1.5-2 times compared to the control composition. This is most likely due to the amorphous nature of the wollastonite surface after grinding in a ball mill and ultrasonic dispersion in a bath-type activator. In addition, such particles are the centers of crystallization. Their needle-like shape contributes to the reinforcement of the structure by crystallizing new formations of cement stone.