Klyuev A.V.

Candidate of Engineering Sciences (Ph.D.), Associate Professor, Belgorod State Technological University named after V.G. Shukhov, Russia

FLAT BENDING SHAPE STABILITY OF RECTANGULAR CROSS-SECTION WOODEN BEAMS WHEN FASTENING THE EDGE STRETCHED FROM THE BENDING MOMENT

https://doi.org/10.58224/2618-7183-2022-5-4-5-18
Abstract
The article presents the solution to the problem of calculating the lateral buckling of wooden beams with a narrow rectangular section, taking into account intermediate point fixing in the edge stretched from the bending moment. The structure is considered as an orthotropic plate, the calculation is performed by the finite element method (FEM). To obtain a result that is valid for any beam geometry, the system of FEM equations is reduced to a dimensionless form. The dimensionless parameter that determines the value of the critical load is calculated based on the solution of the generalized eigenvalue problem. The numerical calculation algorithm is implemented in the MATLAB environment. The developed technique is verified by comparison with calculations in the LIRA and ANSYS software systems using flat and volumetric finite elements. A comparison is also made with the calculation formula presented in the Russian design standards for wooden structures SP 64.13330.2017 for the coefficient, taking into account intermediate fixing, with pure bending. It has been established that this dependence rather roughly takes into account the fastening from the bending plane of the edge stretched from the bending moment. Using the package Curve Fitting Toolbox of the MATLAB environment, we have selected refined formula for the coefficient, which can be used in engineering calculations.
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RESULTS OF ENDURANCE TESTING OF PREFABRICATED CRANE STRUCTURES

https://doi.org/10.58224/2618-7183-2022-5-4-39-49
Abstract
The purpose of the work is to analyze the results of tests of prefabricated crane beams for endurance during cyclic tests on a specially designed stand. The method of carrying out such tests is given. It indicates the inadmissibility of the operation of steel crane structures with cracks and the importance of research aimed at increasing the endurance and durability of crane beams. It proves the need to develop new crane beams (various profiles) to increase the period of accident-free operation of industrial buildings (using bridge lifting mechanisms with heavy duty) up to 25 years. It is proved that the developed prefabricated crane beam has improved (in comparison with the standard) characteristics.
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TECHNOLOGICAL FEATURES OF THE CONSTRUCTION OF A DEMOUNTABLE FOUNDATION FOR TOWER STRUCTURES

https://doi.org/10.58224/2618-7183-2022-5-3-17-26
Abstract
The paper proposes a new type of modular demountable reinforced concrete foundation for the construction of tower-type structures. Numerical modeling and design features of the manufacture and installation of the foundation, implemented under patent 2633604 “Demountable foundation for support” for a real tower with a height of 30 meters and a power of a 150 kV wind power plant, are given. The reduction of material consumption is achieved due to the formation of a cavity in each typical module and filling it with soil or any inert material. The result of the proposed solution is to increase the bearing capacity of the foundation as a whole, increase the strength and rigidity of its main joints, as well as simplify installation in comparison with traditional approaches to design. Moreover, the foundation modules, where maximum stresses occur, can be made of fibre concrete.
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THE RELIABILITY COEFFICIENT FOR FIBRE CONCRETE MATERIAL

https://doi.org/10.58224/2618-7183-2022-5-2-51-58
Abstract
One of the main parameters of the method for calculating building structures made of concrete and fibre concrete by limiting states is the reliability coefficient for the material, which characterizes the heterogeneity of the physical and mechanical properties of the material. In national and foreign standards, it takes a constant value of 1.3 (obtained on the basis of direct tests), or 1.5 (obtained on the basis of indirect tests and the use of graduated dependencies). The concrete matrix for the formation of the structure of fibre concrete is most often fine-grained concrete with special additives, which has greater uniformity in comparison with heavy concrete, which cannot but affect the reliability of the composite material in question as a whole: the stock coefficients for fibre concrete should be lower than for normal concrete, which has not been reflected in modern standards for design yet. Starting from interval estimates of the average strength value, a new approach to determining the reliability coefficient for the material, differentiated by the 1st and 2nd groups of limit states, is proposed. The results of calculations according to the proposed formulas for previously conducted tests of steel- and glass-fiber concrete images allowed us to conclude: the introduction of fiber into the concrete matrix of the proposed effective composite composition increases the uniformity of the strength properties of the material, which leads to an increase in the reliability of its use in building structures, a decrease in the value of the reliability coefficient (margin) for the material to 1.164...1.235 for central axial compression and up to 1.172...1.272 – for central axial stretching. The obtained actual coefficients in strength calculations will allow to reveal the supplemented reserves of the bearing capacity of structures made of this material up to 22.4%.
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FIBER CONCRETE FOR 3-D ADDITIVE TECHNOLOGIES

https://doi.org/10.34031/2618-7183-2019-2-4-14-20
Abstract
Fine-grained fiber concrete used in 3D printing is significantly different from conventional heavy concrete, which is determined by the increased consumption of cement, low water-cement ratio and the absence of large aggregates. The largest grain size of fine aggregate is selected taking into account the thickness of the section, the frequency and type of reinforcement, as well as the method of concrete placement. Despite the fact that the tensile strength of concrete on fine sand is more than 1.5 times higher than the strength of concrete on coarse sand, while there is a decrease in compressive strength. Due to the peculiarities of the technology of concrete manufacturing for layering, the use of coarse sands is impractical, and therefore it was decided to use quartz sand with a particle size module of 1.12 as a filler.
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